How to do it?
Checking your breasts means examining them both visually and manually. Examine your breasts once a month. If you are menstruating it is advisable to examine your breasts immediately after your period. Keep a diary entry of your observations. There will be changes in your breasts with age and at different times of the month. Not all changes are a cause for alarm. If you should find any abnormal changes, please contact a public health nurse or a doctor.
How to examine your breasts visually
How to examine your breasts manually
Check both breasts lying down. With fingers together, move the pads of your fingers around your breasts and sides. Do this in small sections so that you don’t miss any areas. Repeat this three times with your arm at your side, stretched out to the side and high over your head. If you find something abnormal, palpate it gently.
Breast cancer symptoms
These symptoms may indicate breast cancer. The most common symptom is a lump, but there may be other symptoms as well. The symptoms may be visible, or you can feel them with your fingers. Therefore, use your eyes and hands when examining your breasts.
You may feel various changes in your breasts that are not signs of breast cancer. The most important thing is to know your breasts so that you can notice the changes.
- lump (visible or can be felt)
- skin inversion or dimpling
- a tense-feeling area or thickened tissue
- nipple inversion
- feeling of heat, a tingling or tickling sensation
- a change in the shape, size or elasticity of the breast
- orange peel skin
- ulcer that does not heal
- discharge from either nipple (clear, bloody or milky)
- skin or nipple rash that does not heal; redness or change in skin colour
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Become a self-examination mentor
We train self-examination mentors several times a year. Mentors teach how to do breast self-examination and motivate to make it a habit. If you are interested in becoming a self-examination mentor, please email us at info(at)tunnerintasi.fi.